Mar. 19th, 2017

To continue with the morning of August 16, Dan Sullivan spoke on "Southern Slavery, Northern Complicity," and, being a Georgist, he began by saying that there are three fundamental factors of production, and three corresponding forms of slavery: Land -- tenantry; Labor -- chattel slavery; Capital --debt.

Only 4% of slaves from Africa went to the U.S., or what would become the U.S. Subsequent to initial transportation from Africa, some slaves from the West Indies were later taken to the U.S.

To begin with, Irish people were transported as slaves, being regarded as aliens and enemies. There was a case where an Englishman killed a loyal Irishman, and, rather than being hanged for murder, he was jailed until he paid five marks to the king. Irish slaves were transported to Virginia and the West Indies.

Cromwell found or stated that Irish slaves died too quickly in hot climates. African slaves cost more, and were not to be worked to death.

At this point, there were some disputes about British history.

To continue with what Dan Sullivan was saying, there were the thirteen colonies' original Articles of Confederation, and then the Constitution. He mentioned the Continental currency, which became worthless, thanks to massive British forgery. The way to tell an authentic American Continental from a forgery is that the authentic Continentals had defects, and the British forgeries did not. There was bank issue of currency under the U.S. Constitution, and before that, Pennsylvania and Maryland had bills of credit, which people could use to pay taxes.

He mentioned the Whiskey Rebellion (which was about title to land as well as the tax on whiskey); later, Green County, Pennsylvania was pro-Confederate. He reviewed the Alien and Sedition Acts, which were opposed by the Virginia and Kentucky state governments, "interposing" between the federal government and their citizens.

There were various Southern complaints: Federal assumption of state debts, bounties to New England fishermen, (indirect) subsidies to ships in foreign trade, lower tariffs on goods carried in U.S.-made ships, and 80% of tariffs being paid by Southerners. To this, the Northerners replied, "But you have unpaid labor."

Jefferson urged Washington to stay in office a second term in order to preserve the union.

Simon Legree in Uncle Tom's Cabin was from New England, and thought he could work his slaves as hard as immigrants in New England. Harriet Beecher Stowe said things about this -- and this was a quote from an abolitionist!

Horace Greeley was quoted as well.

To be continued.

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